Glossary

A

AAC search for term

Alternative and Augmentative Communication :Any system that aids individuals who are not independent verbal communicators. The system can include speech, gestures, sign language.

Accessibility search for term

accessibility is the degree to which a product, device, service, or environment is available to as many people as possible. It can be viewed as the "ability to access" and benefit from some system or entity. The concept often focuses on people with disabilities or special needs

Accessible CMS platforms search for term

An accessible CMS will follow the following rules (the more it follows the more accessible it is)
1. Use W3C technologies and guidelines
2. provide equivalent alternatives to auditory and visual content
3. Design for device-independence
4. Use markup and style sheets; CSS and do so properly
5. won't rely on colors alone
6. Clarify natural language usage
7. Create tables that transform gracefully
8. Ensure that pages featuring new technologies transform gracefully
9. Ensure user control of time-sensitive content changes
10. Ensure direct accessibility of embedded user interfaces
11. Provide context and orientation information
12. Provide clear navigation mechanisms

Accessible Web Platforms search for term

a platform that allows people with a diverse range of abilities to access the website without any problems

ALDs search for term

Assistive Listening Devices

ALS search for term

Assistive Listening Systems

Alternative Keyboards search for term

Alternative keyboards may be different from standard keyboards in size, shape, layout, or function. They offer individuals with special needs greater efficiency, control, and comfort. For example, a traditional QWERTY Keyboard may be confusing to a child with a developmental disability and can be replaced with a keyboard that lists letters A-Z in big, bold letters and doesn’t contain a lot of “extra” keys. This makes focusing on spelling and typing words a lot easier.

Aphasia search for term

Loss of ability to understand or express speech, caused by brain damage.

Arthritic search for term

Painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints.

Assistive Listening Devices search for term

ALDs for short. a device that is used to improve hearing ability for people in a variety of situations. A common usage is to aid people who are hard of hearing (HOH)

Assistive Listening Systems search for term

ALS for short. Systems that enhance the sound for people who are hard of hearing to assist them with amplification and clarity

Assistive Technology search for term

or AT: is a generic term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities.

AT search for term

Assistive Technology: is a generic term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities.

Audio Books search for term

A taped reading of a book or book condensation reproduced in audio file form

Audiologist search for term

An audiologist is a health-care professional specializing in identifying, diagnosing, treating and monitoring disorders of the auditory and vestibular system portions of the ear and they manage and/or treat hearing or balance problems

Autism search for term

A mental condition, present from early childhood, characterized by great difficulty in communicating and forming relationships

Autistic person search for term

characteristic of a person affected with autism

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B

Blog search for term
A Web site on which an individual or group of users record opinions, information, etc. on a regular basis.
Braille formatted documents search for term

a document file format that can be read on a Braille display

Braille Terminal search for term

Refreshable Braille Display

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C

CAPTCHA search for term

Captcha is a type of challenge-response test used in computing to ensure that the response is not generated by a computer....
The word captcha stands for Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart

Captioning Software search for term

A software allows you to closed caption your video files.

Carpel Tunnel Syndrome search for term

A painful condition of the hand and fingers caused by compression of a major nerve where it passes over the carpal bones

Cascading Style Sheets search for term

or CSS for short.  is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language. Its most common application is to style web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but the language can also be applied to any kind of XML document

CC search for term

Closed Caption

Cerebral Palsy search for term

CP for short. A disability resulting from damage to the brain before, during, or shortly after birth and outwardly manifested by muscular incoordination and speech disturbances 

CI search for term
Cochlear Implants
Closed Caption search for term

cc for short. One of a series of subtitles or narration to videos, a television program, accessible through a decoder.

CMS search for term

Content Management System

Cochlear Implants search for term

CI for short. It is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf

Color Contrast Checker search for term

The color contrast checker is an automated tool used to measure the color contrast of a screen or printed designs. High values indicate a better contrast and as such are more accessible to people with visual impairments such as low vision. Low values indicate that the contrast is low, making the design generally inaccessible to people with visual impairments.

Colour Contrast Keyboards search for term

are keyboards that are specially designed to have high color contrast to make them easier to use for people with visual impairments to use. For example, keyboards that are black with bright yellow letters and numbers.

Communication Disorder search for term

Or (Communication impairment): It is an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbol systems.

Communication Impairment search for term

or (Communication disorder) : It is an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbol systems.

Computer Vision Syndrome search for term

CVS for short. It is a temporary condition resulting from focusing the eyes on a computer display for protracted, uninterrupted periods of time

Concept Keyboard search for term

Refers to keyboards that are still in the research and development stage and that aim to fundamentally revolutionize the way we conceive typing to ensure alternative means of entering information are available to people with different needs and abilities.

Content Management System search for term

CMS for short. It is a computer program that allows publishing, editing and modifying content as well as maintenance from a central interface. Such systems provide procedures to manage workflow in a collaborative environment 

CP search for term
Cerebral palsy
CSS search for term
Cascading Style Sheets
CVS search for term
Computer Vision Syndrome

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D

DAISY search for term

Stand for Digital accessible information system. daisy is a technical standard for digital Audio Books, periodicals and computerized text. DAISY is designed to be a complete audio substitute for print material

DAISY file search for term
files created by DAISY
DAISY Player search for term

an application that open DAISY files 

Digital Accessible Information System search for term

DAISY

Digital Kiosks search for term

An interactive kiosk is a computer terminal featuring specialized hardware and software designed within a public exhibit that provides access to information and applications for communication, commerce, entertainment, and education.

Directional Tactile Ground Surface Indicators search for term

Products made from various materials installed into the ground consisting of a series of raised studs or bars. They are installed in the form of laid textured paving units.
Its purpose to give pedestrians who are blind, or who have vision impairment warning of hazards and directional information to aid navigation of the urban environment.

Disability search for term

is the consequence of an impairment that may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental, or some combination of these. A disability may be present from birth, or occur during a person's lifetime.

Down's Syndrome search for term

is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both physically and mentally

Dyslexia search for term

A general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols

Dyslexia Simulation search for term

A simulation program that checks/ demonstrates some common symptoms of dyslexia in a certain period of time

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E

E-accessibility search for term

refers to the ease of use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as the Internet

Ergonomic Keyboards search for term

is a computer keyboard designed with Ergonomics considerations to minimize muscle strain and a host of related problems.

Ergonomics search for term

 the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system to optimize human well-being and overall system performance

Eye Gaze Controlled Device search for term

is an eye-operated communication and control system that empowers people with disabilities to communicate and interact with the world

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G

Global Positioning Systems search for term

GPS for short;  is a radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location, velocity, and time 

GPS search for term

stands for global positioning systems. It  is a radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location, velocity, and time 

Guided Access search for term

A feature that helps you to stay focused on a task while using your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch. Guided Access limits your device to a single app and lets you control which app features are available.

Use Guided Access to:

  • Temporarily restrict your iOS device to a particular app
  • Disable areas of the screen that aren’t relevant to a task, or areas where an accidental gesture might cause a distraction
  • Disable the hardware buttons

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H

Hashtag search for term

A hashtag (#), is a word or a phrase prefixed with the symbol #. Short messages on social networking services such as Twitter may be tagged by putting ""#"" before important words, as in: #Wikipedia is an #encyclopedia that anyone can edit.. Hashtags provide a means of grouping such messages, since one can search for the hashtag and get the set of messages that contain it."

Hearing Impairment search for term

Impairment of the sense of hearing.

Hearing Impaired is a technically accurate description of someone who is hard of hearing or who has no hearing ... however, many Deaf, hard of hearing and late deafened people prefer not to be called impaired. They don't want to be primarily defined by their lack of (or poor) hearing.

Hotkeys search for term

Also called Keyboard Shortcuts. It is a finite set of one or more keys that invoke a software or operating system operation when triggered by the user

HTML search for term

Hypertext Transfer Mark Up Language

HTML5 search for term

It is the fifth revision of the HTML standard and, as of December 2012, is a candidate recommendation of W3C. Its core aims have been to improve the language with support for the latest multimedia while keeping it easily readable by humans and consistently understood by computers and devices"

Hypertext Transfer Mark Up Language search for term

 or HTML for short. It is the main markup language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser.

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I

Inductive Loop Technology search for term

An induction loop is an electromagnetic communication or detection system used for transmission and reception of communication signals.  A common modern use for induction loops is to provide hearing assistance to hearing-aid users.

Innovation search for term

The action of formulating a new method or idea.

Intellectual Disability search for term

Once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living

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J

Joystick search for term

 is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.

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K

Keyguards search for term

A device that stabilizes the user's hand(s) on the keyboard. It prevents unintentional pressing of more than one key at a time

Keystrokes search for term

The pressing of a keyboard key

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L

Learning Disability search for term

A condition giving rise to difficulties in acquiring knowledge and skills to the normal level expected of those of the same age.
Learning disability refers to significant learning problems in an academic area

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M

Mouthstick search for term

A wand that is held in the mouth and used by individuals with poor hand control to perform some tasks otherwise done by hand

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O

Occupational Therapy search for term

 is the use of treatments to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental or developmental condition.
Occupational therapy interventions focus on adapting the environment, modifying the task, teaching the skill, and educating the client/family in order to increase participation in and performance of daily activities

OCR search for term

Optical Character Recognition

Optical Character Recognition search for term

OCR for short.It is the mechanical or electronic conversion of scanned images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into machine-encoded text to be processed for later on

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P

Physical Impairment search for term

A condition that substantially limits one or more basic physical activities, such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying. 

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Q

QWERTY Keyboard search for term

the standard typewriter keyboard layout; the keys for Q, W, E, R, T, and Y are the first six from the left on the top row of letter keys

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R

reCAPTCHA search for term

reCAPTCHA is a user-dialogue system originally like the CAPTCHA interface, recaptcha asks users to enter words seen in distorted text images onscreen.
By presenting two words it both protects websites from bots attempting to access restricted areas and helps digitize the text of books.

Refreshable Braille Display search for term

also called braille terminal; is an electro-mechanical device for displaying braille characters, usually by means of round-tipped pins raised through holes in a flat surface. Blind computer users, who cannot use a normal computer monitor, use it to read text output. Speech synthesizers are also commonly used for the same task, and a blind user may switch between the two systems or use both at the same time depending on circumstances.

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S

Scotopic Sensitivity search for term

is a condition relating to the interaction of the central nervous system and the eyes at a physiological level with light. It manifests itself most notably in terms of reading, although the symptoms of the condition can be more general than this. The condition does attract some controversy not in terms of its existence per se, but in the efficacy of reputed methods of treatment

Screen Magnifier search for term

is software that interfaces with a computer's graphical output to present enlarged screen content. It is a type of assistive technology suitable for visually impaired people with some functional vision; 

Screen Reader search for term

 is a software application that attempts to identify and interpret what is being displayed on the screen.
This interpretation is then re-presented to the user with text-to-speech, sound icons, or a Braille output device.
Screen readers are a form of AT potentially useful to people who are blind, visually impaired, illiterate or learning disabled

Smartphone search for term

is a mobile phone built on a mobile operating system, with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than a feature phone

Social Media search for term

is a web site on the Internet that brings people together in a central location to talk, share ideas, share interests, etc. This type of collaboration and sharing of data is often referred to as social media

Speech Processing search for term

is the study of speech signals and the processing methods of these signals. The signals are usually processed in a digital representation, so speech processing can be regarded as a special case of digital signal processing, applied to speech signal

Speech Recognition search for term

or voice recognition; is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition", "ASR", "computer speech recognition", "speech to text", or just STT

Speech Therapist search for term

A therapist who treats speech defects and disorders. Also called Speech-language pathologists

speech to text search for term

also known as speech recognition. is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition"

Split Keyboard search for term

 A single keyboard divided electronically to act as if it were two or more separate ones

Stenographer search for term

is a trained professional whose work involves accurately transcribing verbal communications, such as trials or business meetings, in real time

Sticky Keys search for term

is an accessibility feature to help computer users who have physical disabilities, but it is also used by others as a means to reduce repetitive strain injury 

Subtitle search for term

Captions displayed at the bottom of a movie video that translate or transcribe the dialogue or narrative

Synthesised Voice search for term

is the artificial production of human speech. Synthesized speech can be created by concatenating pieces of recorded speech that are stored in a database

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T

Tablet Device search for term

is a mobile computer with display, circuitry and battery in a single unit. Tablets are often equipped with sensors,  with finger or stylus gestures replacing computer mouse and keyboard.
Typically larger than smart phones 

Talking Book search for term

A recorded reading of a book, originally designed for use by the blind

text-to-speech search for term

is a form of speech synthesis that converts text into spoken voice output.

The National Web Accreditation System search for term

 was launched by Mada in 2011 as a means of recognizing excellence in the area of e-accessibility in Qatar.

Touchpad search for term

A computer input device in the form of a small panel containing different touch-sensitive areas. Usually replaces computer mouse

Touchscreen search for term

is an input/output device. A display device that allows a user to interact with a computer by touching areas on the screen.

TTS search for term

text-to-speech

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V

Vision Impairment search for term

Vision impairment (or Visual impairment) is vision loss (of a person) to such a degree as to qualify as an additional support need.

Visual Aids search for term

An item of illustrative matter, such as a film, slide, or model, designed to supplement written or spoken information

Visual Impairment search for term

Visual impairment (or vision impairment) is vision loss (of a person) to such a degree as to qualify as an additional support need..

Voice Recognition search for term

or  speech recognition. is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition", "ASR", "computer speech recognition", "speech to text", or just STT

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W

W3C search for term

World Wide Web Consortium

W3C Markup Validation Service search for term

is a free service by W3C that helps check the validity of Web documents for well-formed markup.

WAI search for term

Web Accessibility Initiative

Wayfinding technologies search for term

technologies that helps navigate from place to place

WCAG search for term

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines

Web Accessibility Initiative search for term

is an initiative of W3C as an effort to improve the accessibility of the World Wide

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines search for term

or WCAG for short.;  are part of a series of Web accessibility guidelines published by the W3C's WAI. They consist of a set of guidelines for making content accessible, primarily for disabled users

World Wide Web Consortium search for term

or W3C for short;  is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web

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