Alternative and Augmentative Communication :Any system that aids individuals who are not independent verbal communicators. The system can include speech, gestures, sign language.
accessibility is the degree to which a product, device, service, or environment is available to as many people as possible. It can be viewed as the "ability to access" and benefit from some system or entity. The concept often focuses on people with disabilities or special needs
An accessible CMS will follow the following rules (the more it follows the more accessible it is)
1. Use W3C technologies and guidelines
2. provide equivalent alternatives to auditory and visual content
3. Design for device-independence
4. Use markup and style sheets; CSS and do so properly
5. won't rely on colors alone
6. Clarify natural language usage
7. Create tables that transform gracefully
8. Ensure that pages featuring new technologies transform gracefully
9. Ensure user control of time-sensitive content changes
10. Ensure direct accessibility of embedded user interfaces
11. Provide context and orientation information
12. Provide clear navigation mechanisms
a platform that allows people with a diverse range of abilities to access the website without any problems
Alternative keyboards may be different from standard keyboards in size, shape, layout, or function. They offer individuals with special needs greater efficiency, control, and comfort. For example, a traditional QWERTY Keyboard may be confusing to a child with a developmental disability and can be replaced with a keyboard that lists letters A-Z in big, bold letters and doesn’t contain a lot of “extra” keys. This makes focusing on spelling and typing words a lot easier.
Loss of ability to understand or express speech, caused by brain damage.
Painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints.
ALDs for short. a device that is used to improve hearing ability for people in a variety of situations. A common usage is to aid people who are hard of hearing (HOH)
ALS for short. Systems that enhance the sound for people who are hard of hearing to assist them with amplification and clarity
or AT: is a generic term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities.
Assistive Technology: is a generic term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities.
A taped reading of a book or book condensation reproduced in audio file form
An audiologist is a health-care professional specializing in identifying, diagnosing, treating and monitoring disorders of the auditory and vestibular system portions of the ear and they manage and/or treat hearing or balance problems
A mental condition, present from early childhood, characterized by great difficulty in communicating and forming relationships
characteristic of a person affected with autism
a document file format that can be read on a Braille display
Captcha is a type of challenge-response test used in computing to ensure that the response is not generated by a computer....
The word captcha stands for Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart
A software allows you to closed caption your video files.
A painful condition of the hand and fingers caused by compression of a major nerve where it passes over the carpal bones
or CSS for short. is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language. Its most common application is to style web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but the language can also be applied to any kind of XML document
CP for short. A disability resulting from damage to the brain before, during, or shortly after birth and outwardly manifested by muscular incoordination and speech disturbances
cc for short. One of a series of subtitles or narration to videos, a television program, accessible through a decoder.
CI for short. It is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf
The color contrast checker is an automated tool used to measure the color contrast of a screen or printed designs. High values indicate a better contrast and as such are more accessible to people with visual impairments such as low vision. Low values indicate that the contrast is low, making the design generally inaccessible to people with visual impairments.
are keyboards that are specially designed to have high color contrast to make them easier to use for people with visual impairments to use. For example, keyboards that are black with bright yellow letters and numbers.
Or (Communication impairment): It is an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbol systems.
or (Communication disorder) : It is an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbol systems.
CVS for short. It is a temporary condition resulting from focusing the eyes on a computer display for protracted, uninterrupted periods of time
Refers to keyboards that are still in the research and development stage and that aim to fundamentally revolutionize the way we conceive typing to ensure alternative means of entering information are available to people with different needs and abilities.
CMS for short. It is a computer program that allows publishing, editing and modifying content as well as maintenance from a central interface. Such systems provide procedures to manage workflow in a collaborative environment
Stand for Digital accessible information system. daisy is a technical standard for digital Audio Books, periodicals and computerized text. DAISY is designed to be a complete audio substitute for print material
an application that open DAISY files
An interactive kiosk is a computer terminal featuring specialized hardware and software designed within a public exhibit that provides access to information and applications for communication, commerce, entertainment, and education.
Products made from various materials installed into the ground consisting of a series of raised studs or bars. They are installed in the form of laid textured paving units.
Its purpose to give pedestrians who are blind, or who have vision impairment warning of hazards and directional information to aid navigation of the urban environment.
is the consequence of an impairment that may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental, or some combination of these. A disability may be present from birth, or occur during a person's lifetime.
is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both physically and mentally
A general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols
A simulation program that checks/ demonstrates some common symptoms of dyslexia in a certain period of time
refers to the ease of use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as the Internet
is a computer keyboard designed with Ergonomics considerations to minimize muscle strain and a host of related problems.
the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system to optimize human well-being and overall system performance
is an eye-operated communication and control system that empowers people with disabilities to communicate and interact with the world
GPS for short; is a radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location, velocity, and time
stands for global positioning systems. It is a radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location, velocity, and time
A feature that helps you to stay focused on a task while using your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch. Guided Access limits your device to a single app and lets you control which app features are available.
Use Guided Access to:
A hashtag (#), is a word or a phrase prefixed with the symbol #. Short messages on social networking services such as Twitter may be tagged by putting ""#"" before important words, as in: #Wikipedia is an #encyclopedia that anyone can edit.. Hashtags provide a means of grouping such messages, since one can search for the hashtag and get the set of messages that contain it."
Impairment of the sense of hearing.
Hearing Impaired is a technically accurate description of someone who is hard of hearing or who has no hearing ... however, many Deaf, hard of hearing and late deafened people prefer not to be called impaired. They don't want to be primarily defined by their lack of (or poor) hearing.
Also called Keyboard Shortcuts. It is a finite set of one or more keys that invoke a software or operating system operation when triggered by the user
It is the fifth revision of the HTML standard and, as of December 2012, is a candidate recommendation of W3C. Its core aims have been to improve the language with support for the latest multimedia while keeping it easily readable by humans and consistently understood by computers and devices"
or HTML for short. It is the main markup language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser.
An induction loop is an electromagnetic communication or detection system used for transmission and reception of communication signals. A common modern use for induction loops is to provide hearing assistance to hearing-aid users.
The action of formulating a new method or idea.
Once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living
is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.
A device that stabilizes the user's hand(s) on the keyboard. It prevents unintentional pressing of more than one key at a time
The pressing of a keyboard key
A condition giving rise to difficulties in acquiring knowledge and skills to the normal level expected of those of the same age.
Learning disability refers to significant learning problems in an academic area
A wand that is held in the mouth and used by individuals with poor hand control to perform some tasks otherwise done by hand
is the use of treatments to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental or developmental condition.
Occupational therapy interventions focus on adapting the environment, modifying the task, teaching the skill, and educating the client/family in order to increase participation in and performance of daily activities
OCR for short.It is the mechanical or electronic conversion of scanned images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into machine-encoded text to be processed for later on
A condition that substantially limits one or more basic physical activities, such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying.
the standard typewriter keyboard layout; the keys for Q, W, E, R, T, and Y are the first six from the left on the top row of letter keys
reCAPTCHA is a user-dialogue system originally like the CAPTCHA interface, recaptcha asks users to enter words seen in distorted text images onscreen.
By presenting two words it both protects websites from bots attempting to access restricted areas and helps digitize the text of books.
also called braille terminal; is an electro-mechanical device for displaying braille characters, usually by means of round-tipped pins raised through holes in a flat surface. Blind computer users, who cannot use a normal computer monitor, use it to read text output. Speech synthesizers are also commonly used for the same task, and a blind user may switch between the two systems or use both at the same time depending on circumstances.
is a condition relating to the interaction of the central nervous system and the eyes at a physiological level with light. It manifests itself most notably in terms of reading, although the symptoms of the condition can be more general than this. The condition does attract some controversy not in terms of its existence per se, but in the efficacy of reputed methods of treatment
is software that interfaces with a computer's graphical output to present enlarged screen content. It is a type of assistive technology suitable for visually impaired people with some functional vision;
is a software application that attempts to identify and interpret what is being displayed on the screen.
This interpretation is then re-presented to the user with text-to-speech, sound icons, or a Braille output device.
Screen readers are a form of AT potentially useful to people who are blind, visually impaired, illiterate or learning disabled
is a mobile phone built on a mobile operating system, with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than a feature phone
is a web site on the Internet that brings people together in a central location to talk, share ideas, share interests, etc. This type of collaboration and sharing of data is often referred to as social media
is the study of speech signals and the processing methods of these signals. The signals are usually processed in a digital representation, so speech processing can be regarded as a special case of digital signal processing, applied to speech signal
or voice recognition; is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition", "ASR", "computer speech recognition", "speech to text", or just STT
A therapist who treats speech defects and disorders. Also called Speech-language pathologists
also known as speech recognition. is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition"
A single keyboard divided electronically to act as if it were two or more separate ones
is a trained professional whose work involves accurately transcribing verbal communications, such as trials or business meetings, in real time
is an accessibility feature to help computer users who have physical disabilities, but it is also used by others as a means to reduce repetitive strain injury
Captions displayed at the bottom of a movie video that translate or transcribe the dialogue or narrative
is the artificial production of human speech. Synthesized speech can be created by concatenating pieces of recorded speech that are stored in a database
is a mobile computer with display, circuitry and battery in a single unit. Tablets are often equipped with sensors, with finger or stylus gestures replacing computer mouse and keyboard.
Typically larger than smart phones
A recorded reading of a book, originally designed for use by the blind
is a form of speech synthesis that converts text into spoken voice output.
was launched by Mada in 2011 as a means of recognizing excellence in the area of e-accessibility in Qatar.
A computer input device in the form of a small panel containing different touch-sensitive areas. Usually replaces computer mouse
is an input/output device. A display device that allows a user to interact with a computer by touching areas on the screen.
Vision impairment (or Visual impairment) is vision loss (of a person) to such a degree as to qualify as an additional support need.
An item of illustrative matter, such as a film, slide, or model, designed to supplement written or spoken information
Visual impairment (or vision impairment) is vision loss (of a person) to such a degree as to qualify as an additional support need..
or speech recognition. is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition", "ASR", "computer speech recognition", "speech to text", or just STT
is a free service by W3C that helps check the validity of Web documents for well-formed markup.
technologies that helps navigate from place to place
is an initiative of W3C as an effort to improve the accessibility of the World Wide
or W3C for short; is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web