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Glossary Terms


AAC search for term

Alternative and Augmentative Communication :Any system that aids individuals who are not independent verbal communicators. The system can include speech, gestures, sign language.

Synonyms: التواصل البديل والإضافي

Accessibility search for term

accessibility is the degree to which a product, device, service, or environment is available to as many people as possible. It can be viewed as the "ability to access" and benefit from some system or entity. The concept often focuses on people with disabilities or special needs

Synonyms: سهولة المنال، الاتاحة، سهولة النفاذ

Accessible CMS platforms search for term

An accessible CMS will follow the following rules (the more it follows the more accessible it is)

  • Use W3C technologies and guidelines
  • provide equivalent alternatives to auditory and visual content
  • Design for device-independence
  • Use markup and style sheets; CSS and do so properly
  • won't rely on colors alone
  • Clarify natural language usage
  • Create tables that transform gracefully
  • Ensure that pages featuring new technologies transform gracefully
  • Ensure user control of time-sensitive content changes
  • Ensure direct accessibility of embedded user interfaces
  • Provide context and orientation information
  • Provide clear navigation mechanisms

Synonyms: منصات نظام ادارة المحتوى سهلة النفاذ

Accessible Web Platforms search for term

a platform that allows people with a diverse range of abilities to access the website without any problems

Synonyms: منصات ويب يمكن النفاذ إليها

ALDs search for term

Assistive Listening Devices

Synonyms: الأجهزة المساعدة على السمع

ALS search for term

Assistive Listening Systems

Synonyms: الأنظمة المساعدة على السمع

Alternative Keyboards search for term

Alternative keyboards may be different from standard keyboards in size, shape, layout, or function. They offer individuals with special needs greater efficiency, control, and comfort. For example, a traditional QWERTY Keyboard may be confusing to a child with a developmental disability and can be replaced with a keyboard that lists letters A-Z in big, bold letters and doesn’t contain a lot of “extra” keys. This makes focusing on spelling and typing words a lot easier.

Synonyms: لوحات المفاتيح البديلة

Aphasia search for term

Loss of ability to understand or express speech, caused by brain damage.

Synonyms: افيزيا

Arthritic search for term

Painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints.

Synonyms: التهاب المفاصل

Assistive Listening Devices search for term

ALDs for short. a device that is used to improve hearing ability for people in a variety of situations. A common usage is to aid people who are hard of hearing (HOH)

Synonyms: الأجهزة المساعدة على السمع

Assistive Listening Systems search for term

ALS for short. Systems that enhance the sound for people who are hard of hearing to assist them with amplification and clarity

Synonyms: الأنظمة المساعدة على السمع

Assistive Technology search for term

or AT: is a generic term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities.

Synonyms: التكنولوجيا المساعدة

AT search for term

Assistive Technology: is a generic term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities.

Synonyms: التكنولوجيا المساعدة

Audio Books search for term

A taped reading of a book or book condensation reproduced in audio file form

Synonyms: الكتب الصوتية

Audiologist search for term

An audiologist is a health-care professional specializing in identifying, diagnosing, treating and monitoring disorders of the auditory and vestibular system portions of the ear and they manage and/or treat hearing or balance problems

Synonyms: أخصائي أذن

Autism search for term

A mental condition, present from early childhood, characterized by great difficulty in communicating and forming relationships

Synonyms: التوحد

Autistic person search for term

characteristic of a person affected with autism

Synonyms: المصابين بالتوحد

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Blog search for term
A Web site on which an individual or group of users record opinions, information, etc. on a regular basis.

Synonyms: مدونة

Braille formatted documents search for term

a document file format that can be read on a Braille display

Synonyms: مستندات برايل

Braille Terminal search for term

Refreshable Braille Display

Synonyms: تقنية السطر الالكتروني

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CAPTCHA search for term

Captcha is a type of challenge-response test used in computing to ensure that the response is not generated by a computer....
The word captcha stands for Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart

Synonyms: كابتشا

Captioning Software search for term

A software allows you to closed caption your video files.

Synonyms: برامج عنونة الفيديو

Carpel Tunnel Syndrome search for term

A painful condition of the hand and fingers caused by compression of a major nerve where it passes over the carpal bones

Synonyms: متلازمة النفق الرسغي

Cascading Style Sheets search for term

or CSS for short.  is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation semantics (the look and formatting) of a document written in a markup language. Its most common application is to style web pages written in HTML and XHTML, but the language can also be applied to any kind of XML document

Synonyms: صفحات الطرز المتراصة

CC search for term

Closed Caption

Synonyms: ترجمة مصاحبة للفيديو, عنونة فيديو

Cerebral Palsy search for term

CP for short. A disability resulting from damage to the brain before, during, or shortly after birth and outwardly manifested by muscular incoordination and speech disturbances 

Synonyms: الشلل الدماغي

CI search for term
Cochlear Implants

Synonyms: السماعات القوقعية

Closed Caption search for term

cc for short. One of a series of subtitles or narration to videos, a television program, accessible through a decoder.

Synonyms: ترجمة مصاحبة للفيديو

CMS search for term

Content Management System

Synonyms: نظام ادارة المحتوى

Cochlear Implants search for term

CI for short. It is a surgically implanted electronic device that provides a sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf

Synonyms: السماعات القوقعية

Color Contrast Checker search for term

The color contrast checker is an automated tool used to measure the color contrast of a screen or printed designs. High values indicate a better contrast and as such are more accessible to people with visual impairments such as low vision. Low values indicate that the contrast is low, making the design generally inaccessible to people with visual impairments.

Synonyms: مدقق تباين الألوان

Colour Contrast Keyboards search for term

are keyboards that are specially designed to have high color contrast to make them easier to use for people with visual impairments to use. For example, keyboards that are black with bright yellow letters and numbers.

Synonyms: لوحات المفاتيح ذات تباين الوان عالي

Communication Disorder search for term

Or (Communication impairment): It is an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbol systems.

Synonyms: اضطرابات التواصل

Communication Impairment search for term

or (Communication disorder) : It is an impairment in the ability to receive, send, process, and comprehend concepts or verbal, nonverbal and graphic symbol systems.

Synonyms: اضطرابات التواصل

Computer Vision Syndrome search for term

CVS for short. It is a temporary condition resulting from focusing the eyes on a computer display for protracted, uninterrupted periods of time

Synonyms: متلازمة رؤية الكمبيوتر

Concept Keyboard search for term

Refers to keyboards that are still in the research and development stage and that aim to fundamentally revolutionize the way we conceive typing to ensure alternative means of entering information are available to people with different needs and abilities.

Synonyms: مخطط لوحة مفاتيح

Content Management System search for term

CMS for short. It is a computer program that allows publishing, editing and modifying content as well as maintenance from a central interface. Such systems provide procedures to manage workflow in a collaborative environment 

Synonyms: نظام ادارة المحتوى

CP search for term
Cerebral palsy

Synonyms: الشلل الدماغي

CSS search for term
Cascading Style Sheets

Synonyms: صفحات الطرز المتراصة

CVS search for term
Computer Vision Syndrome

Synonyms: متلازمة رؤية الكمبيوتر

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DAISY search for term

Stand for Digital accessible information system. daisy is a technical standard for digital Audio Books, periodicals and computerized text. DAISY is designed to be a complete audio substitute for print material

Synonyms: نظم المعلومات الرقمية المتاحة (ديزي)

DAISY file search for term
files created by DAISY

Synonyms: ملفات من نوعية ديزي

DAISY Player search for term

an application that open DAISY files 

Synonyms: مشغل الديزي

Digital Accessible Information System search for term


Synonyms: نظم المعلومات الرقمية المتاحة - ديزي

Digital Kiosks search for term

An interactive kiosk is a computer terminal featuring specialized hardware and software designed within a public exhibit that provides access to information and applications for communication, commerce, entertainment, and education.

Synonyms: الأكشاك التفاعلية

Directional Tactile Ground Surface Indicators search for term

Products made from various materials installed into the ground consisting of a series of raised studs or bars. They are installed in the form of laid textured paving units.
Its purpose to give pedestrians who are blind, or who have vision impairment warning of hazards and directional information to aid navigation of the urban environment.

Synonyms: الدلائل الأرضية اللمسيّة الإرشادية

Disability search for term

is the consequence of an impairment that may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental, or some combination of these. A disability may be present from birth, or occur during a person's lifetime.

Synonyms: اعاقة

Down's Syndrome search for term

is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both physically and mentally

Synonyms: متلازمة داون, تناذر داون

Dyslexia search for term

A general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols

Synonyms: عسر القراءة

Dyslexia Simulation search for term

A simulation program that checks/ demonstrates some common symptoms of dyslexia in a certain period of time

Synonyms: محاكي عسر القراءة

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E-accessibility search for term

refers to the ease of use of information and communication technologies (ICTs), such as the Internet

Synonyms: النفاذ الرقمي

Ergonomic Keyboards search for term

is a computer keyboard designed with Ergonomics considerations to minimize muscle strain and a host of related problems.

Synonyms: لوحة مفاتيح متخصصة

Ergonomics search for term

 the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system to optimize human well-being and overall system performance

Synonyms: الهندسة الإنسانية

Eye Gaze Controlled Device search for term

is an eye-operated communication and control system that empowers people with disabilities to communicate and interact with the world

Synonyms: تكنولوجيا التحكم بالعين

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Global Positioning Systems search for term

GPS for short;  is a radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location, velocity, and time 

Synonyms: أنظمة الملاحة

GPS search for term

stands for global positioning systems. It  is a radio navigation system that allows land, sea, and airborne users to determine their exact location, velocity, and time 

Synonyms: أنظمة الملاحة

Guided Access search for term

A feature that helps you to stay focused on a task while using your iPhone, iPad or iPod touch. Guided Access limits your device to a single app and lets you control which app features are available.

Use Guided Access to:

  • Temporarily restrict your iOS device to a particular app
  • Disable areas of the screen that aren’t relevant to a task, or areas where an accidental gesture might cause a distraction
  • Disable the hardware buttons

Synonyms: النفاذ الموجه

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Hashtag search for term

A hashtag (#), is a word or a phrase prefixed with the symbol #. Short messages on social networking services such as Twitter may be tagged by putting ""#"" before important words, as in: #Wikipedia is an #encyclopedia that anyone can edit.. Hashtags provide a means of grouping such messages, since one can search for the hashtag and get the set of messages that contain it."

Synonyms: وسم المربع، وسم

Hearing Impairments search for term

Impairment of the sense of hearing.

Hearing Impaired is a technically accurate description of someone who is hard of hearing or who has no hearing ... however, many Deaf, hard of hearing and late deafened people prefer not to be called impaired. They don't want to be primarily defined by their lack of (or poor) hearing.

Synonyms: إعاقة سمعية

Hotkeys search for term

Also called Keyboard Shortcuts. It is a finite set of one or more keys that invoke a software or operating system operation when triggered by the user

Synonyms: اختصارات لوحة المفاتيح

HTML search for term

Hypertext Transfer Mark Up Language

Synonyms: HTML

HTML5 search for term

It is the fifth revision of the HTML standard and, as of December 2012, is a candidate recommendation of W3C. Its core aims have been to improve the language with support for the latest multimedia while keeping it easily readable by humans and consistently understood by computers and devices"

Synonyms: اتش تي ام ال5

Hypertext Transfer Mark Up Language search for term

 or HTML for short. It is the main markup language for creating web pages and other information that can be displayed in a web browser.

Synonyms: لغة رقم النص الفائق

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Inductive Loop Technology search for term

An induction loop is an electromagnetic communication or detection system used for transmission and reception of communication signals.  A common modern use for induction loops is to provide hearing assistance to hearing-aid users.

Synonyms: تقنية تكبير الصوت لمستخدمي المعينات السمعية

Innovation search for term

The action of formulating a new method or idea.

Synonyms: ابتكار

Intellectual Disabilities search for term

Once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living

Synonyms: اعاقات ذهنية

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Joystick search for term

 is an input device consisting of a stick that pivots on a base and reports its angle or direction to the device it is controlling.

Synonyms: عصا القيادة، عصا التحكم

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Keyguards search for term

A device that stabilizes the user's hand(s) on the keyboard. It prevents unintentional pressing of more than one key at a time

Synonyms: حافظات المفاتيح، معينة الطباعة

Keystrokes search for term

The pressing of a keyboard key

Synonyms: ضغطات المفاتيح

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Learning Disabilities search for term

A condition giving rise to difficulties in acquiring knowledge and skills to the normal level expected of those of the same age.
Learning disability refers to significant learning problems in an academic area

Synonyms: صعوبات التعلم

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Mouthstick search for term

A wand that is held in the mouth and used by individuals with poor hand control to perform some tasks otherwise done by hand

Synonyms: عصا الفم

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Occupational Therapy search for term

 is the use of treatments to develop, recover, or maintain the daily living and work skills of people with a physical, mental or developmental condition.
Occupational therapy interventions focus on adapting the environment, modifying the task, teaching the skill, and educating the client/family in order to increase participation in and performance of daily activities

Synonyms: العلاج الوظيفي

OCR search for term

Optical Character Recognition

Synonyms: خاصية التعرف البصري على الحروف

Optical Character Recognition search for term

OCR for short.It is the mechanical or electronic conversion of scanned images of handwritten, typewritten or printed text into machine-encoded text to be processed for later on

Synonyms: خاصية التعرف البصري على الحروف

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Physical Impairments search for term

A condition that substantially limits one or more basic physical activities, such as walking, climbing stairs, reaching, lifting, or carrying. 

Synonyms: اعاقات حركية

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QWERTY Keyboard search for term

the standard typewriter keyboard layout; the keys for Q, W, E, R, T, and Y are the first six from the left on the top row of letter keys

Synonyms: لوحة مفاتيح كويرتي

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reCAPTCHA search for term

reCAPTCHA is a user-dialogue system originally like the CAPTCHA interface, recaptcha asks users to enter words seen in distorted text images onscreen.
By presenting two words it both protects websites from bots attempting to access restricted areas and helps digitize the text of books.

Synonyms: اختبار الريكابتشا

Refreshable Braille Display search for term

also called braille terminal; is an electro-mechanical device for displaying braille characters, usually by means of round-tipped pins raised through holes in a flat surface. Blind computer users, who cannot use a normal computer monitor, use it to read text output. Speech synthesizers are also commonly used for the same task, and a blind user may switch between the two systems or use both at the same time depending on circumstances.

Synonyms: تقنية السطر الالكتروني

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Scotopic Sensitivity search for term

is a condition relating to the interaction of the central nervous system and the eyes at a physiological level with light. It manifests itself most notably in terms of reading, although the symptoms of the condition can be more general than this. The condition does attract some controversy not in terms of its existence per se, but in the efficacy of reputed methods of treatment

Synonyms: متلازمة الحساسية الظلامية

Screen Magnifier search for term

is software that interfaces with a computer's graphical output to present enlarged screen content. It is a type of assistive technology suitable for visually impaired people with some functional vision; 

Synonyms: مكبر الشاشة

Screen Reader search for term

 is a software application that attempts to identify and interpret what is being displayed on the screen.
This interpretation is then re-presented to the user with text-to-speech, sound icons, or a Braille output device.
Screen readers are a form of AT potentially useful to people who are blind, visually impaired, illiterate or learning disabled

Synonyms: قارئ شاشة

Smartphone search for term

is a mobile phone built on a mobile operating system, with more advanced computing capability and connectivity than a feature phone

Synonyms: الهواتف الذكية

Social Media search for term

is a web site on the Internet that brings people together in a central location to talk, share ideas, share interests, etc. This type of collaboration and sharing of data is often referred to as social media

Synonyms: شبكات التواصل الاجتماعي

Speech Processing search for term

is the study of speech signals and the processing methods of these signals. The signals are usually processed in a digital representation, so speech processing can be regarded as a special case of digital signal processing, applied to speech signal

Synonyms: علم معالجة الكلام

Speech Recognition search for term

or voice recognition; is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition", "ASR", "computer speech recognition", "speech to text", or just STT

Synonyms: التعرف على الصوت

Speech Therapist search for term

A therapist who treats speech defects and disorders. Also called Speech-language pathologists

Synonyms: أخصائي تخاطب، معالج تخاطب

speech to text search for term

also known as speech recognition. is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition"

Synonyms: التعرف على الصوت

Split Keyboard search for term

 A single keyboard divided electronically to act as if it were two or more separate ones

Synonyms: لوحة مفاتيح مقسمة

Stenographer search for term

is a trained professional whose work involves accurately transcribing verbal communications, such as trials or business meetings, in real time

Synonyms: المختزلين

Sticky Keys search for term

is an accessibility feature to help computer users who have physical disabilities, but it is also used by others as a means to reduce repetitive strain injury 

Synonyms: الأزرار اللاصقة

Subtitle search for term

Captions displayed at the bottom of a movie video that translate or transcribe the dialogue or narrative

Synonyms: الترجمات المصاحبة للفيديو

Synthesised Voice search for term

is the artificial production of human speech. Synthesized speech can be created by concatenating pieces of recorded speech that are stored in a database

Synonyms: الاصوات الاصطناعية

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Tablet Device search for term

is a mobile computer with display, circuitry and battery in a single unit. Tablets are often equipped with sensors,  with finger or stylus gestures replacing computer mouse and keyboard.
Typically larger than smart phones 

Synonyms: كمبيوتر لوحي

Talking Book search for term

A recorded reading of a book, originally designed for use by the blind

Synonyms: كتاب ناطق

text-to-speech search for term

is a form of speech synthesis that converts text into spoken voice output.

Synonyms: تقنية تحويل النص إلى صوت

The National Web Accreditation System search for term

 was launched by Mada in 2011 as a means of recognizing excellence in the area of e-accessibility in Qatar.

Synonyms: نظام اعتماد الويب

Touchpad search for term

A computer input device in the form of a small panel containing different touch-sensitive areas. Usually replaces computer mouse

Synonyms: لوحة اللمس

Touchscreen search for term

is an input/output device. A display device that allows a user to interact with a computer by touching areas on the screen.

Synonyms: شاشة اللمس

TTS search for term


Synonyms: تقنية تحويل الكلام إلى صوت

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Vision Impairments search for term

Vision impairment (or Visual impairment) is vision loss (of a person) to such a degree as to qualify as an additional support need.

Synonyms: إعاقات بصرية

Visual Aids search for term

An item of illustrative matter, such as a film, slide, or model, designed to supplement written or spoken information

Synonyms: المعينات البصرية

Visual Impairment search for term

Visual impairment (or vision impairment) is vision loss (of a person) to such a degree as to qualify as an additional support need..

Synonyms: إعاقة بصرية

Voice Recognition search for term

or  speech recognition. is the translation of spoken words into text. It is also known as "automatic speech recognition", "ASR", "computer speech recognition", "speech to text", or just STT

Synonyms: التعرف على الصوت

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W3C search for term

World Wide Web Consortium

Synonyms: اتحاد شبكة الويب العالمية

W3C Markup Validation Service search for term

is a free service by W3C that helps check the validity of Web documents for well-formed markup.

Synonyms: أداة التحقق من صحة لغة الترميز المقدمة من اتحاد شبكة الويب العالمية

WAI search for term

Web Accessibility Initiative

Synonyms: جمعية مبادرة النفاذ الرقمي على الشبكة العالمية

Wayfinding technologies search for term

technologies that helps navigate from place to place

Synonyms: تقنيات إيجاد الطريق

WCAG search for term

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines

Synonyms: المبادئ التوجيهية للنفاذ إلى محتوى الويب

Web Accessibility Initiative search for term

is an initiative of W3C as an effort to improve the accessibility of the World Wide

Synonyms: جمعية مبادرة النفاذ الرقمي على الشبكة العالمية

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines search for term

or WCAG for short.;  are part of a series of Web accessibility guidelines published by the W3C's WAI. They consist of a set of guidelines for making content accessible, primarily for disabled users

Synonyms: المبادئ التوجيهية للنفاذ إلى محتوى الويب

World Wide Web Consortium search for term

or W3C for short;  is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web

Synonyms: اتحاد شبكة الويب العالمية

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